Note: the information in this article is not meant to replace the medical advice of a doctor instead it’s meant to support the patient with the information that can help them better understand their case, if you are suffering from chronic insomnia symptoms we strongly recommend to check the advice of a specialist.
If you are having troubles lately falling into sleep and feeling dizzy and tired during the day due to the lack of it you are not alone. According to the American Sleep Association 30% of adult US citizens have reported that they suffer from short term sleep disorder while 10% are suffering from chronic insomnia.
Insomnia is a serious problem that can affect many people’s lives in a negative way, it can cause fatigue and lack of productivity – in every possible way not just work – during the day and during the night you suffer from lack of sleep or low quality sleep with lots of interruptions and waking up during the night.
Insomnia is a problem that can affect the course of your life if it gets serious. So that’s why we are going to concentrate on understanding insomnia, it’s causes, it’s symptoms, and it’s solutions in this article and in this next set of articles in order to help as much as we can those who suffer from insomnia to reduce their suffering and rescue those who may suffer from insomnia before it happens.
So let’s begin …
Insomnia is a sleep disorder that is characterized by difficulty falling and/or staying asleep. if you are suffering from one or more of the following symptoms you might be having insomnia and you didn’t know :
- Difficulty falling asleep
- Waking up during the night and having trouble going back to sleep
- Waking up too early in the morning
- Feeling tired upon waking
- Problems with concentration and memory
- Mood disturbances
- Decreased performance in work or at school
Now before you freak out if you identify one or more of those symptoms there’s two things we need to do. We will have to understand what type of insomnia do you have and why did it happen to you in the first place, these two pieces of information are critical in order to deal correctly with your case.
Types Of Insomnia
Each type of insomnia requires different kind of treatments and handling because the causes of each type differ from the causes of the other so the solutions and treatments must also differ, in this article we will not dive deep into the treatments of each type but we will explain The causes.
Insomnia has two classifications :
- Primary insomnia : primary insomnia means that a person is having sleep problems that are not directly associated with any other health condition or problem.
- Secondary insomnia : means that a person is having sleep problems because of medical or psychiatric causes.
The other classification is :
- Acute insomnia : can last from one night to a few weeks.
- Chronic insomnia : lasts at least three nights a week for a month or longer.
Acute insomnia usually happens because of a temporary stress or excitment and it usually happens before or after huge life events. Examples for acute insomnia can be not being to sleep the night before the exam or being to excited you are meeting someone that you couldn’t sleep the night.
Acute insomnia can develop into chronic insomnia if bad habits was adopted. Bad habits such as drinking caffeine during the night, taking naps which can cause insomnia for some people, or confusing your body clock by waking up late in the day to compensate the lack of sleep in the nights before.
Chronic insomnia happens due to :
- Chronic life stress
- Or anxiety
Medical Causes Of Insomnia
Secondary insomnia means that there is another reason that is causing you insomnia and that can be a medical condition or a psychiatric condition, medical conditions that causes insomnia are :
- Nasal/sinus allergies
- Gastrointestinal problems such as reflux
- Endocrine problems such as hyperthyroidism
- Neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s disease
- Chronic pain
- Low back pain
and there are other set of medical conditions that doesn’t cause insomnia by itself but the medications that are taken for them do cause insomnia such as :
- Common cold
- Nasal allergies
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- Thyroid disease
- Birth control
- Asthma depression
So if you are having one or more of these medical conditions this can be a probable reason of the insomnia you are suffering from. Insomnia also can be a symptom of underlying sleep disorders such as restless leg syndrome or sleep apnea.
Psychiatric Causes Of Insomnia
Insomnia can also happen due to purely psychological reasons that can prevent you from sleeping such as depression or anxiety.
The symptoms of anxiety are :
- Getting caught up in thoughts about past events
- Excessive worrying about future events
- Feeling overwhelmed by responsibilities
- A general feeling of being revved up or over stimulated
Depression symptoms are :
- Low energy
- Loss of interest or motivation
- feelings of sadness or hopelessness
In this article we have talked about what is insomnia, it’s symptoms, and why does insomnia happen to people. Understanding the problem is the first step in finding the solution and that is what we did in this article, it’s a general overview about insomnia that enables us to better understand the problem.
In the following articles we are going to discuss the different treatments for insomnia and how to deal with it properly to reduce it’s negative impact on our lives.